Category Archives: verbes irréguliers

Drilling: Verbes Irréguliers, prétérit, groupe 1

J’organise les verbes irréguliers anglais en groupes afin de faciliter l’apprentissage. Dans le premier groupe, l’infinitive, le prétérit (past simple) et le participe passé sont identiques:

cost (coûter)
cut (couper)
hit (frapper)
hurt (blesser)
let (permettre/laisser)
put (mettre)
shut (fermer)

Utilisez les flashcards pour prendre l’habitude d’utiliser ces verbes dans les phrases positives et négatives:

sow and sew

These two verbs can often cause problems for learners of English, even though they are not as common as a lot of other irregular verbs. They are both pronounced the same way, like the ‘o’ you can hear in ‘go’. Don’t let the spelling confuse you!

To Sow : French: ‘semer/ensemencer’
simple past: sowed
past participle: sown or sowed (both are correct)

Some expressions:

You reap what you sow : On récolte ce que l’on sème
To sow one’s wild oats: jeter sa gourme/Faire les quatre cents coups

To Sew : French : coudre/faire de la couture
simple past: sewed
past participle: sewn/sewed (both are correct and pronounce like ‘sown and sowed’ above)

I like sewing: J’aime faire de la couture

to sew up: recoudre

more defintions and discussion can be found at wordreference.com

verbes irreguliers – groupe 6

This group changes from the infinitive with ‘ow’ to the past with ‘ew’ and the past participle with ‘own’:

blow –> blew –> blown (souffler)
grow –> grew –> grown (grandir)
know –> knew –> known (savoir, connaître)
throw –> threw –> thrown (jeter)

for our memory, we could add these variations, they have similar characteristics:

fly –> flew –> flown (voler – oiseau, avion etc; piloter; prendre l’avion)
draw –> drew –> drawn (dessiner, mais aussi tirer)
show –> showed –> shown

Exercise.
Here are some popular expressions. Choose a verb from above that you think could complete them:

1. Pigs might ______ . (that will never happen)
2. Don’t ______ the baby out with the bathwater. (don’t reject the good parts of an idea or project)
3. Better the devil you _______ than the devil you don’t. (you might have more problems if you change your present situation)
4. Well, ______ me down! (exclamation of surprise)
5. I ______ the short straw. (When the tasks were allocated, I got the worst one)

Answers:

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1. Pigs might fly . (that will never happen, in French, ‘quand les poules auront des dents’)
2. Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater. (don’t reject the good parts of an idea or project)
3. Better the devil you know than the devil you don’t. (you might have more problems if you change your present situation)
4. Well, blow me down! (exclamation of surprise)
5. I drew the short straw. (When the tasks were allocated, I got the worst one)

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Verbes Irreguliers : groupe 5

We can now look at verbs whose simple past and past participle are different.

At typical germanic ending is ‘-en’ for the past participle:

break –> broke –> broken (casser)
choose –> chose –> chosen (choisir)
speak –> spoke –> spoken (parler)
steal –> stole –> stolen (voler)
wake –> woke –> woken (se reveiller) usually with ‘-up’ to wake up etc

a sub-category could be verbs that go from ‘i'(as in ‘like’ or ‘ail’ in French) in the infinitive to ‘I’ (as in ‘hit’) in the past simple to ‘I + en’ in the past participle:

drive –> drove –> driven (conduire)
ride –> rode –> ridden (monter/faire du cheval, conduire un vélo, une moto etc)
rise –> rose –> risen (lever)
write –> wrote –> written (écrire)

Exercise:

Present perfect or past simple? Use the correct form to complete the sentences:

1. I’ve never ____________ a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane ________ the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels __________ by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare _____________ 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown ____________ 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers ________ 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

Answers:

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1. I’ve never ridden a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane broke the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels have risen by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown has written 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers stole 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

Verbes irreguliers: groupe 4

Verbs that use ‘aught’ or ‘ought’. The prononciation is the same, the sound is like the vowel sound in ‘door’, saw, more, etc.

bring –> brought (amener)
buy –> bought (acheter)
fight –> fought (combattre)
think –> thought (penser)
catch –> caught (attraper)
teach –> taught (enseigner)
seek –> sought (rechercher, chercher)

Exercise.

Connaissez-vous les temps en anglais? Quelles phrases sont justes?

1. It’s at home. I haven’t brought it today.
2. The two countries are fighting since three years.
3. I’ve been teaching English here for quite a while now.
4. Did you bought some books?
5. He has caught a cold and won’t be coming in today.
6. Did you think about buying a new car?

Réponses:
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1. Juste.
2. Pas juste. ‘have been fighting for three years’ is correct.
3. Juste. ‘quite a while’ – ‘un bon moment’
4. Pas juste. ‘Did you buy’ OR ‘have you bought?’ selon le context.
5. Juste. to catch a cold – attraper un rhume.
6. Juste.