Units 19 and 20:Big/small/beautiful (adjectives), bigger, smaller, more beautiful (comparatives)


Adjectives

In English, the adjective is before the noun:

An interesting book
A difficult project
He’s got blue eyes and brown hair
I just love Indian food
This lovely red dress is not expensive

Adjectives always remain the same, they do not change according to
the subject:

A tall woman
A tall man
Some tall people

Here are some of the most common adjectives (with French equivalent):

Active (actif)
Alive (en vie, vivant)
Angry (en colère)
Awful (affreux)
Bad (mauvais)
Beautiful (beau)
Big (grand)
Black (noir)
Blond (blond)
Blue (bleu)
Bored (s’ennuyer – pas d’adjectif en français)
Boring (ennuyeux)
Brown (brun, marron)
Busy (occupé)
Careful (prudent, soigneux, qui fait attention)
Cheap (bon marché)
Clean (propre)
Clever (intelligent)
Cold (froid)
Dangerous (dangereux)
Dark (foncé, sombre)
Dead (mort)
Deep (profond)
Difficult (difficile)
Dirty (sale)
Easy (facile)
Empty (vide)
Exact (exact)

Exciting (excitant)
Expensive (cher)
Fair (juste, clair (couleur))
Famous (célèbre)
Fantastic (fantastique)
Far (loin) – further – the furthest
Fast (rapide)
Fat (gros)
Fit (en bonne forme)
Free (libre, gratuit)
Friendly (amicale)
Funny (drôle, amusant)
Golden (doré)
Good (bon)
Great (grand, formidable)
Green (vert)
Grey (gris)
Happy (heureux)
Hard (dûr)
High (haut)
Hot (chaud)
Hungry (avoir faim)
Ill (malade)
Intelligent
Interested (intéressé)
Interesting (intéressant)
International
Jealous (jaloux)
Late (en retard)

Left (gauche)
Little (petit)
Lonely (seul)
Long (long)
Loud (fort – (volume, son))
Lovely (adorable)
Lucky (chanceux)
Nasty (méchant)
Near (près)
Neat (rangé)
New (neuf, nouveau)
Nice (sympa, agréable)
Noisy (bruyant)
Nosy (curieux)
Old (vieux, ancien)
Open (ouvert)
Orange
Polite (poli)
Poor (pauvre)
Pretty (joli)
Quick (rapide)
Quiet (calme, silencieux)
Ready (prêt)
Red (rouge)
Right (droite, avoir raison)
Rough (rugueux, abrasif, irrégulier)
Rude (impoli, grossier)
Short (court)

Slow (lent)
Small (petit)
Special
Strange (étrange)
Strong (fort)
Stupid
Sweet (doux, sucré)
Tall (grand (hauteur))
Terrible (éprouvant, horrible)
Thick (épais)
Thirsty (avoir soif)
Tiny (miniscule)
Tired (fatigué)
Tiring (fatigant)
Unfair (injuste)
Unfriendly (froid, peu amical)
Unhappy (malheureux)
Warm (chaud)
Weak (faible)
Wet (humide, mouillé, pluvieux)
White (blanc)
Wild (sauvage)
Wrong (avoir tort, mauvais)
Yellow (jaune)
Young (jeune)

Unit 20
big/bigger/biggest
comparatives and superlatives

Bigger than/ Smaller than

Box A is bigger than box B and box C
Box B is smaller than box A, but bigger than box C
Box C is smaller than box A and B

The biggest/The smallest

Box A is the biggest. = it’s bigger than all the others.
Box C is the smallest. =it’s smaller than all the others.

With small adjectives, we add –er to make comparatives:

small – smaller
large – larger
quick – quicker
slow – slower

We add a consonant to some adjectives that have one consonant at the end:

big – bigger
thin – thinner
fat – fatter

Adjectives that end in –y change to i:

funny – funnier
happy – happier
easy – easier

Long adjectives are different. We cannot add –er, instead we use more before the adjective:

A Ferrari is more expensive than a BMW
Korean films are more interesting than American ones
Paris is more beautiful than London
Superlatives

Small adjectives take the +-est to make superlatives:

The tallest mountain in the world is Everest.
The longest river in the world is the Amazon.
The richest man in the world was Bill Gates.

We put the most before long adjectives:

The most beautiful woman in the world is probably Monica Bellucci.
The most difficult thing about English is the pronunciation.
The most expensive city in the world is Tokyo.

There are three exceptions:

good  better  the best
bad  worse  the worst
far  further  the furthest

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