auxiliary: would or had?

On entend souvent un ‘d’ après le sujet d’une phrase:

she’d been to Paris

He’d do it for you

Mais de quoi s’agit l’apostrophe suivi par la lettre ‘d’ – c’est ‘would’ ou ‘had’? Faites ce petit exercice afin de mieux comprendre:


I'd rather not do it, if you don't mind.

He did that? But I'd already told him not to.

You'd better hurry up or you'll be late.

I would have gone if she'd invited me.

He'd have been killed if it hadn't been for the fact that a policeman arrived just in time.

It'd be great to see you again.

When he gave me the letter, I told him that it was third complaint I'd had that day.


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