Verb: get/got (past)
have = have got
I’ve got my wallet = I have my wallet
In spoken english we often say:
I got my wallet
I’ve got to go = I have to go = je dois aller/il faut que j’y ailles
When contracted it becomes:
I gotta go
He’s gotta go
she’s gotta go
Il est imperatif que vous compreniez ces tournures. Je ne vous conseille pas de les utiliser dans vos conversations, mais sachez qu’elles existent (même si on les trouve pas dans les dictionnaires), et qu’elles sont très répandues, non seulement chez les américains, mais partout!
More of Paul’s excellent videos at his site:
Paul explains in the video how the modal verb ‘must’ can used to express probability, as well as obligation.
In this respect, ‘must’ has similar applications to the French verb ‘devoir’.
Devoir/must is obligation in this sentence:
‘Tu dois payer tes impots’ – you must pay your taxes
Devoir/must is probablility in this sentence:
‘tu n’as pas dormi? Tu dois être fatigué!’ – You didn’t sleep? You must be tired!
As we saw in my last lesson,
have to and must are used for an obligation.
The opposite of obligation is
must go now (tu dois aller maintenant) = obligation
mustn’t go now (tu ne dois pas aller maintenant = prohibition
But ‘don’t have to’ is
NOT the opposite of ‘have to’
don’t have to is used to show the absence of obligation, in other words, ‘ you can if you want, but you are not obliged
here are the concepts:
Necessary? –> yes –> obligation –> you must, you have to
Necessary? –> no –> no obligation –> you don’t have to
Allowed? –> yes –> permission –> you can
allowed? –> no –> prohibition –> you mustn’t/ you can’t
something very difficult to master in English, especially for French speakers, is the concept of modal verbs.
must / have to
These two express
obligation. Is there a difference between the two? While most English speakers use either for any situation, it can be said that ‘must’ is used for a
moral or a internal obligation:
I must call my mother tonight
you must come and have dinner with us
‘Have to’ can be used for
external obligations, things that we might not necessarily agree with:
I have to pay my car insurance
You have to go to work on Sunday