Tag Archives: used to

Gérondif ou infinitif après le verbe?

On me demande souvent d’expliquer l’usage des verbes avec ‘ing’ et des infinifs. Le mot “gerund” en anglais n’est pas exactement la même chose que “gérondif” en français. Le gérund est plutôt un nom et non pas un verbe. On l’utilise quand on veut parler d’une action. Certains verbes sont systematiquement suivis par un “gerund”, d’autres par un infinif. Voici un petit quiz: essayez-le, puis, téléchargez la liste sur PDF pour référence!
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He admitted _________the money



I can't stand_________ for my compute to boot up, it's so slow



What have you decided __________?



The suspect denied _________ any contact with the victim



The buyers wouldn't agree _________ the contract until we modified it



I took it back to the shop, but they refused ________ me my money back



After a few weeks, Jeremy gave up _________ Chinese



Finally, we chose ________ a netbook



The project involved ________ questions to thousands of people



The government will have to keep on ________ spending cuts to pay off its debts





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Quelques liens utiles:

list of verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives

Using “-ing” words

The verb ‘stop’ with gerunds and infinitives

“Used to” The difference between ‘I used to do’ and ‘I’m used to doing’ (oui, c’est moi dans la troisième vidéo!)

La liste des verbes à utiliser avec des ‘ing’ ou des infinitives sur PDF

Usage de ‘used to’ en anglais

I used to live in London : Avant, je vivais à Londres

I used to drive on the left : je conduisais à gauche

I used to go to the pub : j’allais au pub

etc.

be used to/get used to

Here are some examples with French translations:

I used to drive on the left : avant, je conduisais à gauche

I had to get used to driving on the right: Il fallait que je m’habitue de conduire à droite

Today, I am used to driving on the right: Aujourd’hui, j’ai l’habitude de conduire à droite

Used to… quelques exemples

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The past with would and used to

We don’t usually say:
When I was young I was going to the park.

The past progressive is normally used when we are comparing two actions, with one action happening during the other:

I met Sally as I was going to the park.

When we want to talk about things that we did in the past but don’t do any more, we can say ‘used to’.

I used to smoke. He used to be really fat. I didn’t use to like olives (but I do now.

We can also use would in the same way, but we must put a time reference:

When I was young, I would go to the park every day.

When I lived in the countryside, I would go hiking on the weekend.

I hope this answers your question. In my experience, French speakers have difficulty with the progressive tenses because they are over-taught in schools. The best way to progress is to move away from grammar based learning and concentrate on lexis, that is, what people really say. ‘Used to’ and ‘would’ are good examples of natural English use.