Tag Archives: verbes irréguliers

Irregular verbs – a quick test

Consultez les verbes irréguliers, puis faites ce petit test. Bon chance!

1. I'm looking for Mary __________ her?




2. That's a nice dress, where _________ it?




3. Last week I _________ to Redditch.




4 ________________ to Egypt?




5. Where's Mick? - _______________ for lunch.




6. I _______ this book last week but I _________ it yet




7. I was walking down the street when a dog jumped out and _______ me on the leg.




8. I was so thirsty I _________ three glasses of water.




9. What __________ for dinner?




10. I'm not coming to the restaurant, ____________ .




11. James jumped into his car and ___________ all night to see Mary.




12. Hitchcock ____________ twenty films, but Spielberg ____________ thirty-two.






verbes irreguliers – groupe 6

This group changes from the infinitive with ‘ow’ to the past with ‘ew’ and the past participle with ‘own’:

blow –> blew –> blown (souffler)
grow –> grew –> grown (grandir)
know –> knew –> known (savoir, connaître)
throw –> threw –> thrown (jeter)

for our memory, we could add these variations, they have similar characteristics:

fly –> flew –> flown (voler – oiseau, avion etc; piloter; prendre l’avion)
draw –> drew –> drawn (dessiner, mais aussi tirer)
show –> showed –> shown

Exercise.
Here are some popular expressions. Choose a verb from above that you think could complete them:

1. Pigs might ______ . (that will never happen)
2. Don’t ______ the baby out with the bathwater. (don’t reject the good parts of an idea or project)
3. Better the devil you _______ than the devil you don’t. (you might have more problems if you change your present situation)
4. Well, ______ me down! (exclamation of surprise)
5. I ______ the short straw. (When the tasks were allocated, I got the worst one)

Answers:

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1. Pigs might fly . (that will never happen, in French, ‘quand les poules auront des dents’)
2. Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater. (don’t reject the good parts of an idea or project)
3. Better the devil you know than the devil you don’t. (you might have more problems if you change your present situation)
4. Well, blow me down! (exclamation of surprise)
5. I drew the short straw. (When the tasks were allocated, I got the worst one)

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Verbes Irreguliers : groupe 5

We can now look at verbs whose simple past and past participle are different.

At typical germanic ending is ‘-en’ for the past participle:

break –> broke –> broken (casser)
choose –> chose –> chosen (choisir)
speak –> spoke –> spoken (parler)
steal –> stole –> stolen (voler)
wake –> woke –> woken (se reveiller) usually with ‘-up’ to wake up etc

a sub-category could be verbs that go from ‘i'(as in ‘like’ or ‘ail’ in French) in the infinitive to ‘I’ (as in ‘hit’) in the past simple to ‘I + en’ in the past participle:

drive –> drove –> driven (conduire)
ride –> rode –> ridden (monter/faire du cheval, conduire un vélo, une moto etc)
rise –> rose –> risen (lever)
write –> wrote –> written (écrire)

Exercise:

Present perfect or past simple? Use the correct form to complete the sentences:

1. I’ve never ____________ a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane ________ the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels __________ by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare _____________ 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown ____________ 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers ________ 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

Answers:

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1. I’ve never ridden a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane broke the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels have risen by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown has written 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers stole 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

Verbes irreguliers: groupe 4

Verbs that use ‘aught’ or ‘ought’. The prononciation is the same, the sound is like the vowel sound in ‘door’, saw, more, etc.

bring –> brought (amener)
buy –> bought (acheter)
fight –> fought (combattre)
think –> thought (penser)
catch –> caught (attraper)
teach –> taught (enseigner)
seek –> sought (rechercher, chercher)

Exercise.

Connaissez-vous les temps en anglais? Quelles phrases sont justes?

1. It’s at home. I haven’t brought it today.
2. The two countries are fighting since three years.
3. I’ve been teaching English here for quite a while now.
4. Did you bought some books?
5. He has caught a cold and won’t be coming in today.
6. Did you think about buying a new car?

Réponses:
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1. Juste.
2. Pas juste. ‘have been fighting for three years’ is correct.
3. Juste. ‘quite a while’ – ‘un bon moment’
4. Pas juste. ‘Did you buy’ OR ‘have you bought?’ selon le context.
5. Juste. to catch a cold – attraper un rhume.
6. Juste.

Verbes Irréguliers: groupe 3

Our third group of irregular verbs can be made from verbs that have a long vowel sound in the infinitive and a short vowel sound for the past simple and past participle:

Feel – felt (sentir, toucher, etc)
leave – left (quitter, partir, laisser)
Meet – met (rencontrer)
dream – dreamt (rever) – ‘dreamed’ is correct too.
mean – meant (signifier) -pronounced [ment]

We could add to this group:

read – read (lire) the past is pronounced [red]
say – said (dire) the past is pronouned [sed] and NOT ‘sayed’

Exercise:

Translate the following into English:

1. Qu’est-ce que tu as dit?
2. Je n’ai jamais lu ce roman.
3. Qu’est-ce que tu veux dire?
4. Il a quitté Paris il y deux ans.
5. Comment vous êtes vous rencontré?
6. J’ai revé de toi cette nuit.

Answers:

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1. Qu’est-ce que tu as dit? – What did you say?
2. Je n’ai jamais lu ce roman. – I’ve never read this novel.
3. Qu’est-ce que tu veux dire? – What do you mean?
4. Il a quitté Paris il y deux ans. He left Paris two years ago.
5. Comment vous êtes vous rencontré? How did you meet?
6. J’ai revé de toi cette nuit. I dreamt about you last night (or dreamed)