Verbes Irreguliers : groupe 5

We can now look at verbs whose simple past and past participle are different.

At typical germanic ending is ‘-en’ for the past participle:

break –> broke –> broken (casser)
choose –> chose –> chosen (choisir)
speak –> spoke –> spoken (parler)
steal –> stole –> stolen (voler)
wake –> woke –> woken (se reveiller) usually with ‘-up’ to wake up etc

a sub-category could be verbs that go from ‘i’(as in ‘like’ or ‘ail’ in French) in the infinitive to ‘I’ (as in ‘hit’) in the past simple to ‘I + en’ in the past participle:

drive –> drove –> driven (conduire)
ride –> rode –> ridden (monter/faire du cheval, conduire un vélo, une moto etc)
rise –> rose –> risen (lever)
write –> wrote –> written (écrire)

Exercise:

Present perfect or past simple? Use the correct form to complete the sentences:

1. I’ve never ____________ a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane ________ the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels __________ by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare _____________ 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown ____________ 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers ________ 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

Answers:

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1. I’ve never ridden a Harley Davidson. (ride)
2. Jane broke the world record last year. (break)
3. The water levels have risen by 2 cm in the last two years.(rise)
4. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet. (write)
5. Dan Brown has written 4 novels including the Da Vinci Code. (write)
6. Last night, a group of robbers stole 2 million pounds from a British bank. (steal)

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